[Learn Korean E20] “(으)ㄹ 거예요”, “(으)ㄹ게요”(future tense practice & examples)

안녕하세요. 토미입니다.

Let’s have fun learning an exciting language, Korean!

The theme of today’s class is【가을 단풍이 참 아름다울 거예요.】”Autumn leaves will be very beautiful.”

In today’s class, you will learn the future tense, such as [(으)ㄹ 거예요.] “It will be~” and [(으)ㄹ게요.] “I will~.”

After completing today’s lesson, you can express your future plans, such as “I am going to do ~ tomorrow.”

And since we learned the present tense, present progressive tense, past tense, and present perfect progressive tense, after learning the future tense today, you can use most tense forms.

Also this is the 20th lesson.
So, I prepared a special test for you.
This test covers lesson No.16 to 20, so it is very good to review what you have learned from my videos.

If you learn with me, passing the TOPIK test will be a piece of cake.

Let’s imagine our bright future.

그럼 시작할게요!

Listen to the Conversation

The title of today’s conversation is【가을 단풍이 참 아름다울 거예요. 】

Tammy is listening to Sangmin’s plan for next month.
What kind of a wonderful plan does Sangmin have?
Let’s first listen to it with English subtitles.

그럼 들어보세요!

  • 토미:상민 씨는 다음 달에 무슨 계획 있어요?
    Tammy:Sangmin, do you have any plans for next month ?
  • 상민:저는 친구들이랑 등산할 거예요.
    Sangmin:I will go hiking with my friends.
  • 토미:등산! 가을 단풍이 참 아름다울 거예요.
    Tammy:Hiking! The autumn leaves will be very beautiful.
  • 상민:네. 맞아요. 내일 백화점에서 사진기나 등산용품을 살 거예요.
    Sangmin:Yes. I agree. I will buy a camera and hiking equipment at a department store tomorrow.
  • 토미:그럼 저도 같이 갈게요.
    Tammy:Then I will go together.

Vocabulary and Phrases

Now, I will explain the vocabularies and phrases while reviewing the conversation one sentence at a time.

  • 토미:상민 씨는 다음 달에 무슨 계획 있어요?

[다음] means “next.”
In cafes, a worker often says [다음 손님~] which means “Next customer.”
In addition, [다음 달] means “next month”, [다음 주] means “next week”, and [다음 해] means “next year.”

[내년] has the same meaning as [다음 해].
All words that I mention here are very useful when making future tense, so please remember them all!

  • 상민:저는 친구들이랑 등산할 거예요.

[등산하다] means “to hike.”
Similarly, if you say [산에 오르다], it means “to climb the mountain.”

  • 토미:등산! 가을 단풍이 참 아름다울 거예요.

[가을] is “autumn.”
Korea is a beautiful country with four seasons.
So, let’s also learn them together. [봄] is “spring”, [여름]is “summer”, [가을] is “autumn,” and [겨울]is “winter.”

In the autumn season, Koreans typically think of [단풍] “autumn leaves.”
I am not sure about your country, but in Korea, autumn leaves change colors very brightly, and the scenery is breathtaking.

  • 상민:네. 맞아요. 내일 백화점에서 사진기나 등산용품을 살 거예요.

[백화점] is “department store.”
Just hearing the word [백화점], I get the image of glittering, fashionable, and luxurious items.

[사진기] means “camera.”
You can also say [카메라] as “camera.”

And [등산용품] is “hiking equipment.”

Grammar

Verb/Adjective + (으)ㄹ 거예요

First, let’s learn about the future tense [(으)ㄹ 거예요], which means “I will~.”

There are 2 basic patterns and 4 irregular ones.
Total would be 6.
But if you understand the [요 form], the concept is the same.
So, it must be easy for you.

By the way, there are a few times when the words “a stem of a verb/adjective” appear in the explanation, and it’s so hard for me to repeat several times, so, I will just say “stem” from now on. But you can understand that it implies a verb or adjective.

I will read the basic two patterns first.

1) a stem has a final consonant + [을 거예요].

2) a stem does not have a final consonant + [ㄹ 거예요].

From now, I will tell you irregular ones.

3) a stem has [ㄹ] final consonant + [거예요]
.

4) [ㅂ] irregular, you remove [ㅂ] final consonant + [울 거예요].

5) [ㄷ] irregular, you remove [ㄷ] final consonant + [ㄹ을 거예요].

6) [ㅅ] irregular, you remove [ㅅ] final consonant + [을 거예요].

Now, let’s go through what each rule means one by one.

1) Stem of a verb/adjective with a final consonant + 을 거예요
First, you just need to add [을 거예요] after the stem with a final consonant.
For example,

그 방은 넓을 거예요.
That room will be spacious.

Here, there is a final consonant in [넓/다] [널따] “spacious,” so you add [을 거예요] and it becomes [넓을 거예요] “It will be spacious.”

2) Next, let’s look at the ones without a final consonant.
In the conversation, Sangmin says:

저는 친구들이랑 등산할 거예요.
I will go hiking with my friends.

Here, [등산하/다] does not have a final consonant, so you add [ㄹ 거예요] and it becomes [등산할 거예요].

내일 백화점에서 사진기나 등산용품을 살 거예요.
I will buy a camera and hiking equipment at a department store tomorrow.

Here, [사/다] “to buy” does not have a final consonant, so you just add [ㄹ 거예요] and it becomes [살 거예요].

3) ㄹ irregular + 거예요
Next, let’s take a look at the cases with [ㄹ] final consonant.

Typical example words would be [놀다] “to play,” [살다] “to live,” [팔다] “to sell,” and [만들다] “to make.”

Until now, there were many cases where you just needed to remove the final consonant [ㄹ] and directly added another grammar, but in this case, you just need to add [거예요] after the stem.
For example,

이 과자를 팔 거예요.
I will sell this sweet.

Here, 팔다 means to “sell.” The stem of [팔/다] is [팔].
So you just add [거예요] to the stem, and it becomes [팔 거예요].

4) Next, let’s look at the [ㅂ] irregular.

Attention here!
For [ㅂ] irregular, you add [울 거예요] with [우], not [을 거예요] with [으].

It’s a small difference, with a stick in the middle and you may not be able to see the letter well, but it is always [울] instead of [을].

The words with [ㅂ] include [쉽다] “easy,” [돕다] “help,” [고맙다] “thank,” and [가볍다] “light.”
For example, if the word is [쉽다] “easy,” you can make a sentence like

한국어는 쉬울 거예요.
Korean language will be easy.

Here, you remove the final consonant [ㅂ] from [쉽다], and add [울 거예요] , so that it becomes [쉬울 거예요].

5) Next, let’s take a look at [ㄷ] irregular.

For the [ㄷ] irregular, you just need to remove the final consonant [ㄷ] and add [+ㄹ을 거예요].

Typical examples of [ㄷ] irregular would be [듣다] “to listen” and [걷다] “to walk.”
For example,

형과 이 길을 걸을 거예요.
I will walk this road with my brother.

In this sentence, [걷다] “to walk” is the original form. Here, you remove [ㄷ] and add [ㄹ] instead and add [을 거예요] to make [걸을 거예요].

6) Next, let’s look at [ㅅ] irregular.

For [ㅅ] irregular, you just need to remove the final consonant [ㅅ] and add [을 거예요].

Typical words with [ㅅ] as the final consonant would be [짓다] “to build” and [낫다] “to heal.”
For example,

여기에 집을 지을 거예요.
I will build a house here.

In this sentence, [짓다] “to build” is the original form.
You remove [ㅅ] final consonant and add [을 거예요] .
So it becomes [지을 거예요], which means “I will build.”

Quiz

Let’s improve our understanding by taking a short quiz. What goes in the bracket?

[그 회사원은 (          ).]
The clerk would not know.

(1)몰랄 거예요. (2)모를 거예요.

The answer is number (2)!
[모르다] means “to now know,” and it is a verb with no final consonant, so you add [ㄹ 거예요] and it becomes [모를 거예요].

Together, you read [그 회사원은 모를 거예요].

Verb + (으)ㄹ게요

Next, let’s go over verb + (으)ㄹ게요.
You use this to express a promise or plan, such as “I will do~.”

Since this is a first-person expression such as “I or we,” you cannot use it for second- or third-person like “you, he, or they.”

There are 2 basic patterns to this.
The first pattern is, when there is a final consonant in a stem, it becomes stem + 을게요.
Second, when there is no final consonant in a stem, it becomes stem + ㄹ게요.

In fact, this applies to [ㄹ], [ㄷ] [ㅂ] irregulars as well, but since I have already taught you in the previous section, I will skip them here.

Let’s go over them one by one.

1) First, when the verb does not have a final consonant, you just need to add [을게요].
For example,

저 오늘 친구 집에서 먹을게요.
I will eat at my friend’s house today.

Here, the stem of [먹/다] has a final consonant, so you add [을게요] and it becomes [먹을게요].

2) Next, let’s look at the cases without a final consonant.

In today’s conversation, Tammy said

그럼 저도 같이 갈게요.
Then, I will go together.

Since there is no final consonant in the stem of [가다] “to go,” you add [ㄹ게요] and it becomes [갈게요] “I will go.”

Quiz

Let’s take a quiz to deepen our understanding. What goes in the bracket?

[한국 드라마를 (          ).]
I will watch Korean dramas.

(1)볼게요 (2)봤어요

The answer is number (1)!
Here, the word [보다] means “to see.”
Since there is no final consonant, you add [ㄹ게요] and it becomes [볼게요].
Together, you read [한국 드라마를 볼게요].
The number (2) is wrong because [봤어요] is the past tense, which means “(I) watched.”

Conversation (Korean only)

Now, let’s listen to the conversation again but this time only in Korean.

그럼 확인해 보세요!

  • 토미:상민 씨는 다음 달에 무슨 계획 있어요?
  • 상민:저는 친구들이랑 등산할 거예요.
  • 토미:등산! 가을 단풍이 참 아름다울 거예요.
  • 상민:네. 맞아요. 내일 백화점에서 사진기나 등산용품을 살 거예요.
  • 토미:그럼 저도 같이 갈게요.

Conversation Practice

Now, let’s practice reading it aloud.
I will play the audio one sentence at a time, so please follow along.

그럼 큰소리로 읽어 보세요! Please, read it aloud!

  • 토미:상민 씨는 다음 달에 무슨 계획 있어요?
    Tammy:Sangmin, do you have any plans for next month ?
  • 상민:저는 친구들이랑 등산할 거예요.
    Sangmin:I will go hiking with my friends.
  • 토미:등산! 가을 단풍이 참 아름다울 거예요.
    Tammy:Hiking! The autumn leaves will be very beautiful.
  • 상민:네. 맞아요. 내일 백화점에서 사진기나 등산용품을 살 거예요.
    Sangmin:Yes. I agree. I will buy a camera and hiking equipment at a department store tomorrow.
  • 토미:그럼 저도 같이 갈게요.
    Tammy:Then I will go together.

Good job everyone. Be sure to read aloud at least 5 times.

Homework

The first homework is to create two past sentences.

For example, Please, use [(으)ㄹ 거예요] to write your schedule for tomorrow.

  • 내일 제 친구가 미국에서 올 거예요.
    My friend will come from the United States tomorrow.

For the second sentence, please use [(으)ㄹ게요] to tell me your determination and promises in learning Korean in the future.
For example,

  • 앞으로도 매주 숙제를 올릴게요.
    I will continue to do my homework every week.

The second homework is memorizing vocabulary.
Please memorize 40 words from No. 401 to No. 440 on page 6 of the beginner’s word list.
At the end of this page, I have prepared a 40-word quiz.
If you memorize 40 words, please give it a try.

Also this is the 20th lesson.
Lesson No.16 to 20 will be on the test.
I will put a link in the description section below.
I hope many of you will come to visit this website to check how much you understand my lesson.

그럼 오늘도 행복 가득, 웃음 가득한 하루 되세요! 한국어 화이팅, 화이팅, 화이팅!!

Vocabulary Test : 40 Questions

There will be 40 multiple choice questions in total displayed in random order, testing on Vocabulary #401~440 from the Beginner Level Vocabulary List.
Share your Quiz result through Twitter!