TOPIK Ⅱ Grammar List [Free Download] (Intermediate Korean)


A wonderful gift for those who are taking the Intermediate Level of Test of Proficiency in Korean (TOPIK)!

Good news for everyone who is preparing for TOPIK!

148 grammar list for the intermediate level (TOPIK Ⅱ) are released for free!

You can even listen to it on Youtube, and download the PDF and carry it around on your smartphone!

Everyone who is studying for TOPIK level 3&4, please feel free to use the list for your study!

TOPIK Ⅱ Grammar


Grammar list for intermediate

1-(으)ㄴ 채(로)while~버스 안에서 앉은 채로 잠자버렸다.I fell asleep while sitting on the bus.
2-(으)ㄴ/는 걸 보니(까)since~돈을 많이 쓰는 걸 보니 부자인가 봐.He must be rich since he is using a lot of money.
3-(으)ㄴ/는 김에On the way~마트에 가는 김에 친정에도 갔다.On the way to the supermarket, I visited my parent's house.
4-(으)ㄴ/는 만큼as much as (doing sth.)웃는 만큼 인생은 행복해진다.Life becomes more fun as much as you laugh.
5-(으)ㄴ/는 반면(에)Although ~택시는 편리한 반면에 지하철보다 비싸다.Although a taxi is convenient, it is more expensive than a subway.
6-(으)ㄴ/는 법이다(It) will~계속 노력한다면 개선되는 법이다.If you keep making an effort, you will get better.
7-(으)ㄴ/는 탓에Because~ (negative)운동 안 한 탓에 살이 많이 쪘어요.Because I did not work out, I gained a lot of weight.
8-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 모양이다seems like~비가 오는 모양이다.It seems like it is raining.
9-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 셈이다going to do~어떻게 할 셈이야?What are you going to do?
10-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 몰랐다did not know~공무원 시험에 합격할 줄 몰랐다.I did not know that I passed the civil servant examination.
11-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 알았다thought~아저씨는 연예인이 된 줄 알았는데.I thought he became a celebrity.
12-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ지what/who/where~지갑을 어디서 잃어버렸는지 모르겠다.I don't know where I lost my wallet.
13-(으)ㄴ/는걸(요)~ though.아직 졸린걸요.I am still sleepy though.
14-(으)ㄴ/는데(요)But ~이 요리는 생각보다 맛있는데요.But this dish is more delicious than I thought.
15-(으)ㄴ/는들Even if~내가 간들 소용없다.Even if I go, it won't help much.
16-(으)ㄴ가 보다assume ~그 사람은 선생님인가 봐요.I assume he is a teacher.
17-(으)ㄴ가(요)?Is ~?여자 친구는 예쁜가요?Is your girlfriend pretty?
18-(으)나 마나no use to-길을 물어보나 마나예요.It is no use to ask him the direction.
19-(으)니까(요)Because~ (neutral)열심히 공부하니까 성적이 우수하다.Because he studies hard, his grades are excellent.
20-(으)니만큼As~노력하니만큼 결과가 기대된다.As I tried hard, I am looking forward to the result.
21-(으)ㄹ 겸 (해서)And also그에게 사과할 겸 해서 편지를 썼어요.I wrote a letter and also apologize.
22-(으)ㄹ 리가 없다There is no way~돈이 부족할 리가 없어요.There is no way the money is not enough.
23-(으)ㄹ 만하다It is worth~타개책을 시도할 만합니다.It is worth attempting a breakthrough.
24-(으)ㄹ 뻔하다almost ~과음해서 의식을 잃어버릴 뻔했어요.I almost lost consciousness from overdrinking.
25-(으)ㄹ 뿐만 아니라not only그 애기는 걸을 뿐만 아니라 잘 달린다.That baby not only walks well but also runs well.
26-(으)ㄹ 뿐이다just~국적이 다를 뿐이지 같은 인간이에요.We just have different nationalities, but we're the same human beings.
27-(으)ㄹ 수밖에 (없다)no other choice than~시간이 없으니까 뛰어갈 수밖에 없다.We don't have much time, so there is no other choice than running.
28-(으)ㄹ 정도(로)(verb)ingly놀라울 정도로 크게 외쳤다.He shouted surprisingly loud.
29-(으)ㄹ 지경이다almost~그녀가 화낼 지경이에요.She's almost mad.
30-(으)ㄹ 테니(까)will~ so~빨래를 널 테니까 애기를 봐줘.I will dry the laundry, so please look after the child.
31-(으)ㄹ 텐데should be~거기에 있을 텐데.It should be there.
32-(으)ㄹ걸 (그랬다)should have~우산 가져올 걸.I should have brought an umbrella.
33-(으)ㄹ까 말까whether~ or not길을 건널까 말까 고민했다.I wondered whether I should cross the street or not.
34-(으)ㄹ수록(adj.)er as~가면 갈수록 그 산길은 힘들어져요.The mountain road is getting harder as you go further.
35-(으)ㄹ지(도) 모르다don't know~어떻게 편집해야할지 잘 모르겠어요.I don't know how I should edit it.
36-(으)ㄹ지라도no matter~아무리 어려울지라도 저는 해냅니다.No matter how tough it is, I will complete it.
37-(으)라고 하다told me to~아버지가 빨리 손을 씻으라고 했어요.Dad told me to wash my hands quickly.
38-(으)려다가is about to~외출하려다가 누나가 찾아왔다.When I was about to go out, my sister came in.
39-(으)려던 참이다is about to학교에 가려던 참이에요.I was about to go to school.
40-(으)려면in order to~기념사진을 찍으려면 배경은 아름다워야한다.In order to take a memorial picture, the background has to be beautiful.
41-(으)로 인해(서)due to~그 이야기는 인터넷으로 인해 확산되었다.The story is widespread due to the Internet.
42-(으)로서as a~선배로서 충고 하나 할게.Let me give you some advice as a senior.
43-(으)며and~내 남자친구는 피아노도 잘 치며 노래도 잘한다.  My boyfriend is good at playing piano and singing.
44-(으)면 되다should be okay~웹사이트에서 접수하시면 됩니다.It should be okay if you apply on the website.
45-(으)므로as (sub.) needs to~아침 일찍 일어나야 하므로 이제 잡니다.As I need to wake up early in the morning, I am going to sleep now.
46-(이)나 -(이)나 할 것 없이regardless of~아이나 어른이나 할 것 없이 건강은 중요하다.Regardless of whether you are a child or an adult, health is important.
47-거든because어려보여도 제가 상사거든요.Because I am your boss even though I look young.
48-게 하다makes~동생은 나를 짜증나게 한다.My younger brother makes me annoyed.
49-고 나니(까)after~푹 쉬고 나니 열이 내려갔어요.After resting well, the fever got better.
50-고 나면after~청소하고 나면 기분이 상쾌해진다.After cleaning the house, I feel refreshed.
51-고 나서after~이메일 먼저 확인하고 나서 연락드릴게요.After checking the e-mail first, I will contact with you.
52-고 말고(요)of course~한국여행은 재미있고 말고요.Of course, traveling to Korea is fun.
53-고 말다ended up~밤늦게까지 게임하고 말았어요.I ended up playing a game until late at night.
54-고 보면actually~ once~배우고 보면 한국어는 쉬워요.Korean is actually easy to learn once you start learning.
55-곤 하다used to often~우리는 분식점 앞에서 만나곤 했다.We used to meet often in front of the cafeteria.
56-기 쉽다easy to~저 선생님의 수업은 이해하기 쉬워요.That teacher's class is easy to understand.
57-기 십상이다tend to~젊은 운전자는 실수하기 십상이다.Young drivers tend to make mistakes.
58-기 어렵다difficult to~작은 신발로는 걷기 어렵다.It is difficult to walk in small shoes.
59-기 위해(서)to~문제를 해결하기 위해서 다같이 모였다.We gathered together to resolve the issue.
60-기/게 마련이다will~준비 안 하면 후회하기 마련이다.If you don't prepare, you will regret it.
61-기는 하지만but~한국어는 어렵기는 하지만 재미도 있어요.Korean is difficult but fun to learn.
62-기는(요)no need to~고맙기는요. 별말씀을요.No need to thank me. (No problem.)
63-기만 하면 (되다)as long as~단어를 외우기만 하면 100점이다.As long as you memorize the vocabulary, you will get a full score.
64-기에(는)not good for~축구하기에는 날씨가 안 좋아요.The weather is not good for playing soccer.
65-길래since~남편이 레스토랑에 안 오길래 난 바람맞은 줄 알았다.Since my husband did not come to a restaurant, I thought he cancel the plan at the last minute.
66-ㄴ/는 척하다pretend to~그 후배는 착한 척한다.He is pretending to be nice.
67-ㄴ/는다is~후식에 딸기를 먹는다.I am eating strawberries for dessert.
68-ㄴ/는다거나or~독서한다거나 영화를 보러 간다.I read some books or go watch a movie.
69-ㄴ/는다고 치다if~일본에 간다고 치면 어디로 갈까요?If I go to Japan, where should I visit?
70-ㄴ/는다고 하다say~제 친구는 병원에 안 다닌다고 했어요.My friend said that he didn't go to the hospital.
71-ㄴ/는다고 해도even if~금연한다고 해도 잘 안 된다.Even if I am trying to quit smoking, it is difficult.
72-ㄴ/는다고(요)seems like~내일은 비가 온다고 해요.It seems like tomorrow is going to rain.
73-ㄴ/는다니that~5개국어를 한다니 대단합니다.It's amazing that you can speak 5 languages.
74-ㄴ/는다니까I'm telling you~아무리 이유를 설명해도 화를 낸다니까.I'm telling you no matter how many times I explain the reason, he is still angry.
75-ㄴ/는다더니but~우리 남편은 일찍 돌아온다더니 아직도 집에 안 왔다.My husband said he will be back soon, but he was still not home.
76-ㄴ/는다더라seems like~내일은 눈이 온다더라.It seems like tomorrow is going to snow.
77-ㄴ/는다던데heard~잘 생겼다던데 정말이야?I heard he is handsome, is that true?
78-ㄴ/는다면if~운동선수가 되고 싶다면 전문학원에 등록해야 돼.If you want to be an athlete, you need to register for a professional academy.
79-ㄴ/는다면서(요)?heard~너 영어 잘한다면서?I heard you are good at English?
80-나 보다seem to~둘이 사귀나 보다.They seem to be dating.
81-나(요)?is it?여기서 타면 되나?Is it here where we ride?
82-냐고 하다ask엄마가 시험은 언제냐고 저한테 물어봤어요.My mom asked me when the exam was.
83-느라고for~숙제하느라고 삼촌을 만날 시간이 없었다.I was busy with homework that I didn't have time to meet my uncle.
84-는 (도)중에in the middle of~연기하는 중에 기침해버렸다.I accidentally coughed when I was in the middle of acting.
85-는 길에on the way~집에 가는 길에 빵을 사 왔어요.I bought bread on my way home.
86-는 대로as~바라는 대로 이루어진다.You can become as you wish.
87-는 대신(에)instead of~술을 마시는 대신에 녹차를 마시자.Let's drink green tea instead of alcohol.
88-는 덕분에thanks to~버스가 늦게 온 덕분에 탈 수 있었다.I was able to ride the bus thanks to the fact that it was delayed.
89-는 바람에because~공부를 안 하는 바람에 성적이 떨어졌어요.My grade dropped because I did not study.
90-는 사이에when~제가 없는 사이에 택배가 오면 받아주세요.If the delivery comes when I am not home, please take it for me.
91-는 셈 치다considering~연습하는 셈 치고 오디션에 간다.I take auditions considering them as practices.
92-는 수(가) 있다can~전문가라고 해도 실패하는 수가 있어요.Even an expert can fail.
93-는 수밖에 (없다)no other choice than~가족으로부터 돈을 빌리는 수밖에 없다.There is no other choice than to borrow money from my family.
94-는 중이다on the way~지금 직장에 가는 중이에요.I am on the way going to my office.
95-는 통에because~아이들이 떠드는 통에 집중할 수 없었어요.I was not able to concentrate because the children were too noisy.
96-는 편이다tend to~저는 돈을 아끼는 편이에요.I tend to save money.
97-는 한as far as~내가 아는 한 그것은 사실이에요.As far as I know, it is true.
98-는 한편also~회사에 다니는 한편 부업도 한다.I am working at a company and also doing a side job.
99-는/은커녕even~술은커녕 차도 못 마셨어요.I could not drink alcohol, not even tea.
100-는구나I see~이 애기는 벌써 걷는구나.The baby is already walking.
101-니/냐?do you~?기분 나쁘니?Do you feel uncomfortable?
102-다(가) 보니(까)while focusing~ already~작업하다 보니까 새벽이 됐어요.While I was focusing on my work, it was already morning.
103-다(가) 보면when focusing~심호흡하다 보면 마음이 차분해집니다.When you focus on breathing deeply, you will feel calmer.
104-다가while~스마트폰을 사용하다가 모르면 물어보세요.When you don't know something while using a smartphone, please come and ask.
105-다시피as~보다시피 요즘 직장인들은 바빠요.As you can see, employees these days are busy.
106-대로as~교수님의 말씀대로 하자.Let's do as the professor told us.
107-더군(요)I heard~따님에게 귀여운 이름을 지었더군요.I heard that you have given your daughter a very cute name.
108-더니~and then강의에 늦었더니 강사님이 야단치셨다.I was late for class and then the teacher scolded me.
109-더라I heard~그 남자는 경찰에 잡혔더라.I heard the guy was caught by the police.
110-더라고(요)was~서울은 도쿄보다 춥더라고요.Seoul was colder than Tokyo.
111-더라도even~힘겨운 일이 있더라도 참는다.I endure even when I am having a hard time.
112-던used to~내가 다니던 중학교는 지금은 없어요.The middle school I used to go to is not there anymore.
113-던가(요)?Is~?오늘 결혼기념일이던가?Is today our wedding anniversary?
114-던데I found (that)길이 막히던데 사고라도 났나?I found a traffic jam. Was there an accident?
115-도록so that~이 은혜를 갚도록 항상 최선을 다하겠습니다.I will try my best to return this favor.
116-든지no matter~좋든지 싫든지 수능 봐야 한다.No matter I wish or not, I need to take the university entrance examination.
117-듯이like~미친 듯이 춤췄다.I danced like a crazy person.
118(이)라도rather~이 문제지라도 풀어볼래요?Would you like to rather solve this problem?
119-만 못하다not as~중고는 신제품만 못해요.Second-hand is not as good as a new product.
120-아/어 보이다seem~얼굴표정이 어제보다 밝아 보여요.You seem to feel better than yesterday.
121-아/어서 그런지probably becase~나이가 들어서 그런지 몸이 예전같지 않다.I feel not as strong as before probably because I am getting old.
122-아/어도even~설명 들어도 이해 못 하겠어요.I can't understand even after listening to the explanation.
123-아/어라please~공을 던져라.Please throw the ball.
124-아/어야when~술자리에는 친한 친구가 있어야 재미있다.Drinking is fun when you have a close friend.
125-아/어야지should~일찍 결혼해야지.You should marry quickly.
126-아/어지다becoming~인터넷으로 세계는 가까워지고 있어요.The world is becoming closer through the Internet.
127-았/었더라면would have~은행에서 돈을 찾았더라면 좋았을 텐데.It would have been better if I withdrew the money from a bank.
128-았/었던 것 같다think~걔는 취업했던 것 같다.I think he got a job.
129-았/었으면 하다wish~점심은 라면이었으면 해.I wish the lunch menu is ramen.
130(이)야말로the~지금이야말로 역사적인 순간입니다.This is the historical moment.
131-에 관해(서)about~인기 가수에 관해서 새로운 뉴스가 나왔어요.The latest news about a famous singer got released.
132-에 대해(서)to~부부는 서로에 대해서 배려해야 한다.Married couples have to show respect to each other.
133-에 따라(서)depending on~예산에 따라 여행일정도 달라져요.The travel plan changes depending on the budget.
134-에 의해(서)by~역경은 희망에 의해서 극복할 수 있다.Hardship can be overcome by hope.
135-에다(가)in(to)~ / at~우유는 냉장고에다가 넣었어요.I put milk into the refrigerator.
136-을/를 비롯한including~나를 비롯한 모든 사람들이 그 아이디어에 찬성한다.Everybody including me agreed on the idea.
137-을/를 통해(서)from~그 배우는 드라마를 통해서 알게 되었어요.I got to know that actor from a TV series.
138-자let's이제 문 닫자.Let's close the door.
139-자고 하다(He/she) said to~동료가 포기하지 말자고 했다.My colleague said not to give up.
140-자마자as soon as~사장님은 좋은 소식을 듣자마자 미소 지었다.The boss smiled as soon as he heard the good news.
141-잖아(요)~right?내가 많이 사줬잖아.I treated you many times, right?
142마저even~숙제가 많은 데다가 시간마저 부족하다.I have a lot of homework, but even the time is running out.
143만큼as~가족만큼 중요한 것은 없다.There is nothing as important as family.
144아무 -(이)나any~아무 옷이나 가져오세요.Bring any kind of clothes.
145아무 -도no~아무 걱정도 없어요.I have no worries at all.
146얼마나 -(으)ㄴ/는지how~그 당시에는 얼마나 가난했는지 몰라요.You can't imagine how poor we were at the time.
147조차even~기다림조차 설렙니다.Even the waiting time is exciting for me.
148치고(는)for~아이돌치고는 나이가 많다.He is old for an idol.